depots, shops and storage buildings of the Waynesburg & Washington railroad. South of these grounds is Ten mile Creek, a beautiful stream, a hundred and twenty-five feet wide, the banks of which were once lined with giant elms, sycamores and maples, forming a beautiful canopy, but now replaced by a row of dingy ice-houses. One hundred feet east of our place is Morgan street, and east of this street and extending back to the creek, are the grounds of the Waynesburg Fair Association, now being laid out for building lots. Opposite these grounds, on the south side of the creek, between Luce's Hill and Duvall's Hill, lies Smith Creek, a tributary of Tenmile, coming in from the south. Much of this section was covered with timber, which has almost entirely disappeared, being replaced on the sloping side of Luce's Hill and in the valley with numerous dwellings and some steam works. Duvall's Hill at some points is almost perpendicular, barely permitting footing for the trees. Some of the old trees are still standing, but the greater part of the face of the bluff has been changed by work-men quarrying stone.
North of our place the ground rises gently toward the central part of town, and much of this, twenty years ago, was farmed. Now all the streets are opened and the section is built up closely with residences and business buildings.
On our premises we have two business buildings on the north-east corner, fronting on First street, and one on the south-west corner, fronting on Washington street. Our residence is on the north-west corner of the plot, fronting on First and Washington streets, and surrounded by a lawn dotted with roses, shrubs and evergreen trees. Back of the lawn is a garden spot, two vine arbors and a number of fruit trees. Along the curb on both Washington and First streets we have rows of maple shade trees. [See the photo on page 34.]
Although surrounded on three sides by properties affording little or no encouragement to birds, other than English Sparrows, our premises have always been a favorite spot for many species. We have nesting annually in our own trees or along the creek bank adjacent, Robin, Cardinal, Catbird, Carolina Wren, Chipping Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Yellow Warbler, Warbling Vireo, Mourning Dove, Kingbird, Flicker, Baltimore Oriole, and Red-headed Woodpecker. Other species I have known to nest occasionally are American Goldfinch, Crested Flycatcher, Downy Woodpecker, Orchard Oriole, Cedar Waxwing, Bronzed Grackle, Bewick's Wren, Barn and Cliff Swallows, Phoebe, Wood Pewee, Bluebird (regularly from 1886 to 1890) and Black-capped Chickadee, (1901, brood of four reared in a post of our grape arbor.) About twenty-five other species, such as Tufted Tit, Bank Swallow, Screech Owl, Cuckoos, Sparrow Hawk, Kingfisher, Woodcock, Towhee, Sandpiper, etc., have been observed on and about the place.
The presence of so many species is due, perhaps, to the country lying to the southward, being open pasture and waste land, affording an easy retreat and fine feeding ground. It is over this ground and along the creek where my martins spend most of their time foraging for food.